The Tretyakov Gallery, or as it is formally known, The State Tretyakov Gallery, is an iconic museum that showcases the rich history of Russian art. Home to an extensive collection of over 170,000 works of art, it is a prominent destination for art lovers from around the world. The museum was founded in the 19th century by Pavel Tretyakov, a Russian merchant, and has since grown to become a symbol of philanthropy and cultural heritage in Moscow. A visit to the State Tretyakov Gallery is essential for anyone who wants to understand the artistic achievements of Russia throughout history.
The importance of the State Tretyakov Gallery extends far beyond its artistic significance. It is a cultural monument that serves as a testament to the philanthropic spirit of Pavel Tretyakov and his family. The museum’s contribution to the cultural heritage of Moscow and Russia as a whole is unparalleled, and it provides visitors with a unique perspective on the evolution of Russian art and culture. For tourists looking for a deeper understanding of the country’s history and artistic legacy, the State Tretyakov Gallery is an essential destination.
In this blog post, we aim to offer a comprehensive guide to visiting the State Tretyakov Gallery. Not only will we provide the history and background of the museum, but we will also delve into the various art collections on display. Furthermore, we will share helpful tips, such as the best times to go, how to get there, and what to expect. Finally, we’ll highlight nearby attractions and accommodations that will complement your trip to the State Tretyakov gallery. So, prepare to explore one of Moscow’s most iconic museums as we take you on a journey through the world of the State Tretyakov Gallery!
History and Background of the State Tretyakov Gallery
Founding of the Gallery
Pavel Tretyakov, the founder of the State Tretyakov Gallery, started his collection with just two paintings by Ivan Kramskoi in 1856. As an art collector, he had a keen interest in Russian art and gradually expanded his collection by acquiring works from famous Russian artists such as Valentin Serov, Viktor Vasnetsov, and Ilya Repin. Tretyakov’s collection continued to grow, and in 1892 he donated the entire collection along with the building that housed it to the city of Moscow. The State Tretyakov Gallery was opened to the public soon after, featuring a vast collection of over 170,000 works of art.
Architectural Design of the Building
The State Tretyakov Gallery’s building is an architectural masterpiece that is instantly recognizable with its red-brick exterior, ornate sculptures, and reliefs. The original building was designed by Viktor Vasnetsov, while Sergey Chernyshev added a new wing in the 1980s to accommodate the growing collection. The museum’s interior is designed to display the art in the best possible light, with the galleries arranged chronologically. Visitors can witness the evolution of Russian art from the earliest works to contemporary masterpieces.
Major Renovations and Expansions
To keep up with the growing collection and the needs of visitors, the State Tretyakov Gallery has undergone several significant renovations and expansions. The most recent renovation in the early 2000s involved updating the facilities and improving the overall visitor experience. The installation of new lighting and climate control systems, the creation of new exhibition spaces, and the refurbishment of existing galleries are among the upgrades. The State Tretyakov Gallery remains a modern and dynamic institution that attracts visitors from all around the world.
Art Collections at the State Tretyakov Gallery
Iconic masterpieces and their significance
The State Tretyakov Gallery houses an impressive and valuable collection of iconic masterpieces of Russian art. The gallery has many national treasures that represent Russia’s rich cultural heritage. The collection includes some of the most renowned works of art such as “Trinity” by Andrei Rublev, “The Morning of the Streltsy Execution” by Vasily Surikov, and “The Appearance of Christ to the People” by Alexander Ivanov. These masterpieces not only exhibit excellent artistic skills but also serve as cultural artifacts providing insights into Russian history and culture.
Lesser-known works worth discovering
The State Tretyakov Gallery not only has popular and iconic works of art but also features a vast array of lesser-known works that are worth discovering. The gallery showcases some exquisite pieces by less famous artists and in less popular genres. These works are often as stunning and thought-provoking as the iconic masterpieces. Some of the lesser-known works include “Night on the Volga” by Arkhip Kuindzhi, “Portrait of a Lady in a Red Dress” by Konstantin Makovsky, and “The Passion of Christ” by Nikolai Ge.
Highlights of the pre-revolutionary and Soviet era art
The State Tretyakov Gallery’s collection of pre-revolutionary and Soviet-era art is impressive and provides a glimpse into the social and political context of the time. The collection includes portraits of Tsarist aristocrats, scenes of peasant life, and depictions of the Russian Revolution and its aftermath. Some of the highlights of the collection include “Portrait of Princess Zinaida Yusupova” by Valentin Serov, “Morning in a Pine Forest” by Ivan Shishkin, and “The Execution of the Twenty-One” by Ilya Repin.
Notable contemporary works
The State Tretyakov Gallery’s collection predominantly consists of pre-20th century works; however, the museum also features an impressive selection of contemporary art. The gallery exhibits pieces by modern masters such as Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, and Marc Chagall. Notable contemporary works in the collection include “Suprematist Composition” by Malevich, “Moscow” by Chagall, and “The Ninth Wave” by Ivan Aivazovsky. These works demonstrate the evolution of Russian art and the emergence of new styles and techniques.
Visiting the State Tretyakov Gallery
Location and accessibility
The State Tretyakov Gallery is located in Moscow, specifically at Lavrushinsky Lane, 10, 119017. If you are visiting the museum, here is some important information about accessibility:
- By car: If you have the “Disabled” sign on your car’s front and rear windows, you can use the nearest city parking lots to the Tretyakov Gallery buildings.
- By metro: The Mobility Support Center of the Moscow Metro offers assistance to visitors with disabilities from the entrance of a Moscow Metro station to the buildings of the Tretyakov Gallery.
- Visually impaired and blind visitors: If you plan to visit the museum with a guide dog, make sure to bring a muzzle and corresponding document.
- Deaf and hard of hearing visitors: The Tretyakov Gallery offers sightseeing tours of major exhibitions translated into Russian sign language. You can check upcoming guided tours and other activities on the Events Section of their website.
- Wheelchair users: The New Tretyakov is equipped with an elevator, ramps, and wheelchair accessible bathrooms. You can also use guest wheelchairs for people with restricted mobility free of charge.
- Visitors with ASD: The Social Story and Sensory Safety Map will help visitors with autism spectrum disorders and other mental disabilities get prepared for a visit to the Tretyakov Gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane.
Opening hours and admission fees
If you plan to visit the State Tretyakov Gallery, it is important to take note of their opening hours and admission fees:
- SUN: 10:00 — 20:00 (last entry at 19:00)
- MON: closed
- TUE, WED: 10:00 — 18:00 (last entry at 17:00)
- THU, FRI, SAT: 10:00 — 21:00 (last entry at 20:00)
Admission Fees: Adults pay 500 rubles (USD 6) while other categories pay 0, 250, or 300 rubles.
Entrance to the permanent expositions of the Tretyakov Gallery for first-degree disability visitors and one accompanying person, as well as for second-degree disability visitors, is free. Third-degree disability visitors are offered a 50% discount on ticket prices. Don’t forget to bring your proof of disability to avail of these benefits.
Tips for avoiding crowds and making the most of your visit
If you want to avoid the crowds and make the most of your visit to the Tretyakov Gallery, it is recommended to visit during weekdays and arrive early. You can also book your tickets in advance to avoid long lines at the entrance.
Guided tours and audio guides
The Tretyakov Gallery offers guided tours and audio guides that are available in English and other languages. These tours will provide you with a deeper understanding of the artworks and exhibitions on display.
Make sure to check the official website of the State Tretyakov Gallery at https://www.tretyakovgallery.ru/ for up-to-date information on their exhibitions, opening hours, and accessibility features.
Events and Activities at the State Tretyakov Gallery
Special Exhibitions and Events
The State Tretyakov Gallery, one of the most prestigious museums in Russia, is home to numerous special exhibitions and events. These events showcase the works of world-renowned artists and cover a diverse range of themes and subjects. From contemporary art to classic paintings, these exhibitions cater to the interests of all visitors. The gallery also organizes various events to accompany these exhibitions, such as lectures, talks, and workshops by artists and experts. These events provide visitors with a unique opportunity to explore the artworks and learn about their history and significance.
Educational Programs and Workshops
The State Tretyakov Gallery offers a range of educational programs and workshops designed to provide visitors with a deeper understanding of art, history, and culture. The programs cater to visitors of all ages, from children to adults. For children, there are interactive workshops where they can create their own artworks and learn about different techniques and styles. For adults, there are lectures, discussions, and tours where they can explore the artworks and the history behind them. The educational programs and workshops are designed to engage visitors and foster their appreciation for art and culture.
Concerts and Performances
The State Tretyakov Gallery is not just a museum; it is also a cultural center that hosts various concerts and performances throughout the year. These events provide visitors with a unique opportunity to experience art and culture in a different way. The performances range from classical music to contemporary dance and are held in the gallery’s beautiful auditoriums. The gallery also hosts film screenings and poetry readings, providing visitors with a diverse range of cultural experiences. These concerts and performances add to the vibrant cultural scene of Moscow and attract visitors from all over the world.
Shopping and Dining at the State Tretyakov Gallery
Souvenir and gift shops
When visiting the State Tretyakov Gallery, visitors can browse through several souvenir and gift shops located within the gallery’s premises. These shops offer an extensive selection of souvenirs, gifts, and art-related items that cater to a wide range of preferences. The shops feature items such as postcards, posters, books, and replicas of famous artworks, making it easy for visitors to take home a piece of the gallery’s collection. Moreover, visitors can also find unique and handcrafted items such as jewelry, ceramics, and textiles made by local artisans, providing an opportunity to take home a one-of-a-kind souvenir. The prices are reasonable, and visitors can choose from a variety of options to suit their budget and preferences.
Cafes and restaurants on site
The Tretyakov Gallery has several cafes and restaurants situated within the gallery’s premises, providing visitors with a range of dining options during their visit. These eateries offer a variety of cuisines, including Russian, European, and Asian. Visitors can choose from quick bites to full meals, enjoying traditional Russian dishes such as borsch, pelmeni, and blini or opt for more contemporary dishes. The cafes and restaurants feature beautiful designs and comfortable settings, allowing visitors to relax while enjoying their meal amidst the gallery’s exquisite artwork. The prices are reasonable, and visitors can have a delightful culinary experience while exploring the treasures of the State Tretyakov Gallery.
Nearby Attractions and Accommodations
Other cultural institutions in the vicinity
If you’re looking for more cultural experiences beyond the State Tretyakov Gallery, the area around the gallery has plenty of options. One such option is the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, which houses an impressive collection of European art from the 15th to the 20th century. Visitors can admire masterpieces from Rembrandt, Rubens, and Van Gogh, among others. Another cultural institution located nearby is the Museum of Modern Art, showcasing contemporary art from around the world. For those interested in religious architecture, the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, a magnificent Orthodox church, is also located nearby. Visitors can marvel at the stunning architecture and learn about the church’s significance in Russian history. The State Tretyakov Gallery’s location in a cultural hub makes it an excellent destination for those looking to explore more than just one museum.
Hotels and accommodations in the area
The State Tretyakov Gallery’s vicinity is packed with plenty of accommodation options. The Strela Hotel, located a short walk away, offers visitors comfortable rooms with modern amenities like free Wi-Fi, flat-screen TVs, and air conditioning. For a luxurious stay, visitors can consider Hotel Kadashevskaya, providing stunning views of the Moscow River and comfortable rooms with plush bedding and elegant decor. Budget-friendly options, including hostels and guesthouses, are also available for those on a tight budget. The central location of the State Tretyakov Gallery makes it convenient for visitors to find accommodations that fit their needs and budget, ensuring a comfortable stay throughout their visit to Moscow.
To conclude, if you are looking to explore the rich cultural heritage of Moscow, The State Tretyakov Gallery should be on the top of your list. The gallery has an extensive collection of Russian art, featuring renowned artists such as Ivan Shishkin and Kazimir Malevich. The collection showcases the evolution of Russian art and offers insights into the country’s history and culture. Additionally, the gallery offers various amenities, such as guided tours, cafes, and souvenir shops, that cater to visitors’ needs and interests.
We, the Expedigate team, highly endorse The State Tretyakov Gallery as a must-see destination in Moscow. This remarkable cultural institution is a symbol of Russia’s artistic legacy and offers a unique experience for visitors. From the impressive collection of Russian art to the various amenities, the gallery has something to offer for everyone. We hope that this article has provided you with valuable insights and inspired you to visit The State Tretyakov Gallery on your next trip to Moscow.